jueves, 9 de abril de 2009

¿Venezuela es un País Sísmico?


Los eventos sísmicos representan uno de los mayores riesgos potenciales en Venezuela en cuanto a pérdidas humanas y económicas. En la actualidad, aproximadamente un 80% de la población vive en zonas de alta amenaza sísmica, variable que aumenta el nivel de riesgo, haciéndolo cada vez mayor a medida que se eleva el índice demográfico y las inversiones en infraestructura.

Desde la fundación de los primeros asentamientos coloniales en el Siglo XVI, el país ha sufrido los efectos de los terremotos. Su historia sísmica revela que durante el período 1530-2004, han ocurrido más de 130 eventos sísmicos, los cuales han provocado algún tipo de daño en varias poblaciones venezolanas.

En Venezuela, la zona de mayor actividad sísmica corresponde a una franja de unos 100 km de ancho, definida a lo largo de los sistemas montañosos de Los Andes, la Cordillera Central y la Cordillera Oriental, lugares en los que se ubican los principales sistemas de fallas sismogénicas del país: Boconó, San Sebastián y El Pilar, respectivamente.

Además de este sistema de accidentes tectónicos, existen otros sistemas activos menores (por ejemplo: Oca-Ancón, Valera, La Victoria y Urica) capaces de producir sismos importantes.

Los sistemas de fallas de Boconó - San Sebastián - El Pilar, han sido propuestos como el límite principal entre las Placas Caribe y América del Sur, causante de los sismos más severos que han ocurrido en el territorio nacional.

http://funvisis.org.ve
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/terremoto

FUENTE: FUNVISIS / EL MUNDO DE LAS OBRAS CIVILES

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